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Biochemical and Molecular Aspects of Wilt in Chickpea biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Study was designed to examine the biochemical and molecular changes in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in response fusarium wilt disease (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris) in Gujarat condition in India. This book therefore, provides information to design experiment with histopathological, biochemical and molecular techniques for wilt pathogen and host tissues. This book also gives nice pictures of host pathogen interaction in root tissues of chickpea with Fusarium wilt pathogen. It is very usefull for plant biochemist, plant pathologist and molecular biologist. Standardize methodology of Aminoacids Analyzer, phenolics with HPLC, Native Acidic and Basic protein with SDS protein estimation, DNA extraction to RAPD marker and Antioxidant, hydrolytic and oxido-reductase enzymes with techniques for Chickpea plant. The book also provides different stages of disease development for wilt pathogen in chickpea. This experiment is useful for primary proteomics and biotechnological work in molecular biochemistry of host and pathogen in plants.
7790 RUR
Survey and evaluation of bio agents against wilt of chickpea biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Chickpea is one of the major grain legume crop widely grown in the Indian sub continent, which accounts for almost 75 per cent of world’s production. Chickpea wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri is the most important soil borne disease and main constraint in boosting the yield. Keeping in view survey on the incidence of Fusarium wilt of chickpea diseases was carried out in seven districts of southern Karnataka during Rabi 2010-11. Among the seven districts surveyed, maximum Fusarium wilt incidence (11.75%), dry root rot (26.40%) and phyllody (1.30 %) was recorded in Bengaluru where as maximum collar rot incidence was recorded in Tumkur district (6.50%). Among different giant cultures evaluated for the growth and multiplication of pathogen, chickpea grain culture had highest F. oxysporum f.sp. ciceri population density of 78 cfu/gram of culture followed by chickpea straw (45 cfu/gram of culture). Among five different giant cultures selected to induce wilt disease symptoms, potato dextrose broth culture produced more wilt incidence followed by chickpea seed culture. Among different techniques involved for the production of wilt disease, chickpea injured root treated with
4929 RUR
Role of Trichoderma viride in chickpea wilt biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
The growth parameters of chickpea i.e. root-shoot length and seedling vigour index was significantly increased with Trichoderma viride seed treatment. Seed treatment @ 8 g per kg gave maximum control of chickpea wilt. The exophytic survival of Trichoderma viride in chickpea was determined from the rhizospheric soil .The population of the bioagent increased throughout the crop growth period and maximum colonies were recorded at 8 g followed by 6 and 4 g of seed treatment. Trichoderma viride colonized and penetrated into the roots and was able to survive endophytically in chickpea up to 60 days. The seed treatment with the bioagent increased the level of PR proteins viz., ?-1,3-glucanase, chitinase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase and pheylalanine ammonia-lyase in different chickpea varieties and it was maximum in resistant varieties than the susceptible one.
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Molecular Characterization of Ridge Gourd (Luffa Acutangula L.) and SP biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
This book “MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF RIDGE GOURD (Luffa acutangula L.) AND SPONGE GOURD (Luffa cylindrica L.) GENOTYPES THROUGH PCR BASED MOLECULAR MARKERS” contain molecular Marker and biochemical marker application in ridge gourd and sponge gourd genotypes.Molecular biology is the ever-accelerating rate of progress, both in the development of new methodologies and in the practical applications of these methodologies. These deal primarily with core nucleic acid techniques and protein expression through biochemical and genetic detection methods. As such, this book should prove of interest both to undergraduates studying for biological or chemical qualifications and to postgraduate and other scientific workers who need a sound introduction to this ever rapidly advancing and expanding area. The genotype identification through molecular and biochemical markers resulted in developing moderate diversified dendrogram of 17 ridge gourd and sponge gourd genotypes.
6390 RUR
Vascular Wilt of cumin biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Earlier investigators reported Fusarium oxysporium as the causal organism of wilt in cumin. This study is based on both morphological and molecular levels that confirmed Fusarium equiseti is also pathogenic agent for cumin wilt. Its first studies and report to found out other species of Fusarium is responsible to causes wilt of cumin in India. It is scientific studies of plant pathology,by the help of biotechnology, bioinformatics and plant tissue culture.
4839 RUR
Genetic Diversity Analysis of Chickpea Cultivars biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L., 2n = 2x = 16) is the third most important grain legume crop in the world and grown in more than 50 countries. The assessment of genetic diversity is important not only for crop improvement but also for efficient management and conservation of genetic resources. Differences between genotypes with regard to agronomic characters, morphological characters, biochemical characters (e.g. storage proteins, isozymes), and molecular markers are either indirect or direct manifestations of the differences at DNA level. Moreover, molecular markers like, SSR can provide a robust and highly discriminatory marker system that can immensely facilitate cultivar tagging and identification as well as genetic diversity studies such as sequence based diagnostics, and promote integration and comparison of data sets from laboratories throughout the chickpea genetics and breeding research community. This book presents the potentials of SSR markers for fingerprint identification of the cultivars, the extent and pattern of genetic diversity and relationships among the cultivars, and will also help chickpea breeders in the selection of parent material in breeding programs.
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Resistance factors for leaf blight of barley biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Not much work has been done so far on leaf blight disease of barley with respect to molecular and biochemical aspects related to resistance. Hence, an attempt was made for a systematic study of the various resistance factors (molecular and biochemical) which attribute to the resistance of the barley genotypes, which would help us to know the nature of resistance present in different genotypes and to evolve a suitable resistant genotypes against this disease. Keeping this in view, the present investigation was under taken with the following objectives: 1. Biochemical factors imparting resistance. 2. Role of isozymes in resistance. 3. DNA finger printing of leaf blight resistant and susceptible genotypes.
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A study on colletotrichum blight of Chickpea in Andhra Pradesh biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Chickpea, cool season legume crop, is grown in several countries across the world as a food source. Seed is the main edible part of the plant and is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and minerals especially for the vegetarian population. India is the largest producer of chickpea in the world with a share of 65.25 and 65.49 per cent of the total area (11.97 m ha) and production (10.89 mt), respectively. Major constraints for potential chickpea production are diseases, insect pests and poor management practices. In Andhra Pradesh, Chickpea is severely affected by wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceri) and dry root rot (Rhizoctonia bataticola). In addition to these two diseases, Colletotrichum blight occurred in severe form during rabi 2009 and 2010 due to heavy unusual rains, which resulted in crop failure in many areas. There is no research on Colletotrichum blight of chickpea in Andhra Pradesh as the disease occurred in severe form in recent years. Hence, studies were conducted in the present investigation on Colletotrichum blight of chickpea.
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Magnitude of Guava Wilt in Bangladesh and its Management biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Guava wilt disease is common in the tropical zones of the world. Among the diseases of guava in Bangladesh wilt is a major one. The common external symptoms of this disease include: yellowing and browning of leaves at the tip of twigs, leaves tend to shrivel and die on the trees showing fire scorched appearance; they drop gradually, resulting in complete defoliation; fruits development ceases and become blackish, dry, hardy and mummified. The effect of environmental factors on wilt disease was documented and the results indicated that the month of August, September and October the wilt percentages were higher in both the year 2006 and 2007 ranging from 4.31 to 7.06%. The wilt percentages were comparatively lower in November, December and January. Most of the symptoms of wilt develop in and after the monsoon at the time of guava flowering and fruiting. The death of highest number of plants occurred in August, September and October and in the winter season i.e. November, December and January there was a remarkable decrease of wilt disease. Isolation and characterization of wilt causing pathogen have been carried out. Specific primers for the wilt causing pathogen Fusarium oxy
5790 RUR
Schomburg Dietmar Biochemical Pathways. An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
The pathways and networks underlying biological function Now in its second edition, Biochemical Pathways continues to garner praise from students, instructors, and researchers for its clear, full-color illustrations of the pathways and networks that determine biological function. Biochemical Pathways examines the biochemistry of bacteria, plants, and animals. It offers a quick overview of the metabolic sequences in biochemical pathways, the chemistry and enzymology of conversions, the regulation of turnover, the expression of genes, the immunological interactions, and the metabolic background of health disorders. A standard set of conventions is used in all illustrations, enabling readers to easily gather information and compare the key elements of different biochemical pathways. For both quick and in-depth understanding, the book uses a combination of: Illustrations integrating many different features of the reactions and their interrelationships Tables listing the important system components and their function Text supplementing and expanding on the illustrated facts In the second edition, the volume has been expanded by 50 percent. Text and figures have undergone a thorough revision and update, reflecting the tremendous progress in biochemical knowledge in recent years. A guide to the relevant biochemical databases facilitates access to the extensive documentation of scientific knowledge. Biochemical Pathways, Second Edition is recommended for all students and researchers in such fields as biochemistry, molecular biology, medicine, organic chemistry, and pharmacology. The book's illustrated pathways aids the reader in understanding the complex set of biochemical reactions that occur in biological systems. From the reviews: “… highly recommended for every scientist and student working in biochemistry.” –Umwelt & Gesundheit 4/2012 (review in German language)
8587.86 RUR
Computer Assisted Drug Designing biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Molecular design software is software deals with molecular modeling, that provides special support for developing molecular models de novo. In contrast to the usual molecular modeling programs such as the molecular dynamics and quantum chemistry programs, such software directly supports the aspects related to the construction of molecular models: Molecular graphics interactive molecular drawing and conformational editing building of polymeric molecules, crystals and solvated systems partial charges development geometry optimization support for the different aspects of Force Field development
4839 RUR
Techniques for Screening of Chickpea Genotypes against Collar Rot biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Chickpea is most dominant pulse crop of India in terms of both area and production.Chickpea is affected by several seed, soil and air borne diseases which is responsible for lowering its yield. Soil borne pathogens like Sclerotium rolfsii (Collar rot), Fusarium oxysporium f. sp. ciceri (Vascular wilt) and Rhizoctonia bataticola (Dry root rot) are responsible for causing disease from seedling to flowering and pod formation stage. Collar rot caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. is an important soil borne disease of chickpea causing seed rot and seedling mortality in the initial stage of crop growth up to 45 days.Comparative performance of the screening techniques regarding the identification of resistant sources is lacking,Hence,this book has written. the book is deals with following chapter-Introduction, Review of Literature, Results, Discussions, Summery and Conclusion, and References.
3549 RUR
Regeneration & Genetic Transformation in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
The observations presented in this manuscript are the outcome of research on the regeneration and genetic transformation in three cultivars, viz., HC-I, C-235 and H86-I8 of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). The observations are supported with 26 tables, 11 plates and 8 figures. The research work was conducted at the Department of Biosciences, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, H.P., and Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, C.C.S. Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana.
6690 RUR
Towards Effective Management of Bacterial Wilt in Solanaceous Crops biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the major production constraints of solanaceous crops. So far there is no technology that renders complete control of the disease. However, effective management of the disease is the only way out, at least for now. The book is prepared with a major objective of presenting a comprehensive work on bacterial wilt pathogen, Ralstonia solanacearum and its management. Accordingly, detailed review of the researches done on the pathogen and its management is addressed, and meticulous report of an integrated research conducted by the author, which involved biological containment of the pathogen in potato and host resistance in tomato, is also presented. Methodological approaches and result of in-depth characterization of both the pathogen and the antagonistic strains based on cultural, biochemical, and physiological tests are also reported. Besides, method for easy-identification of the pathogen to the level of race and biovar with out the need to opt for molecular tools, is included. The book is intended for graduate students, academicians, and both beginner and advanced researchers in the area of Agricultural Microbiology.
5790 RUR
Molecular Biology of Floral Scent in Damask rose biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
The Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) is the most important species used to produce rose water, attar of rose, and essential oils in the perfume and medicinal industry. However, despite the importance of Damask rose scent, the molecular and biochemical investigations of flower fragrance of this species are still in its primary stage. This book provides molecular, chemical diversities and physiological characterizations of floral scent production in R. damascena that were investigated by different experiments.
4839 RUR
Trichoderma spp. - Bio control of Chickpea wilt biochemical and molecular aspects of wilt in chickpea
Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (Padwick) Matuo and K. Sato is one of the most devastating diseases of chickpea causing severe losses. Three Trichoderma isolates each of T. viride, T. harzianum and T. virens were used in the present study to find out the most effective isolate against the pathogen and to characterize the antagonists for further development of strain specific markers. Ranchi isolate of T. viride (T1) inhibited maximum growth in dual culture, whereas Ranchi isolates of T. viride (T6) and T. virens (T9) found most effective through production of volatile compounds in vitro. Culture filtrate of T. harzianum was most inhibitory to the pathogen. Under pot bio-assay studies, Ranhci isolate of T. viride (T1) found superior with higher seed germination, highest shoot and root length of chickpea plants followed by Ranchi isolates of T. harzianum (T7) and T. virens (T9).UPGMA clustering based on PCR-RAPD, grouped all the 10 isolates of Trichoderma spp. into two clusters at 0.20 genetic similarity. All T. viride isolates (except T2) grouped into a distinct cluster with 55% similarity and both T. harzianum isolates were grouped separately with 70%
4839 RUR